Henry Wolsey Bayfield | Great Lakes Surveyor

From: Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island

Admiral Henry Wolsey Bayfield was a British naval officer and surveyor of lakes Ontario, Superior, Erie and Huron.

At age 11, Bayfield joined the Royal Navy. In the 1816 Henry Bayfield assisted Captain William Fitzwilliam Owen in surveying various Canadian rivers and lakes.

In June 1817, Bayfield was made the admiralty surveyor for North America. He surveyed Lake Superior, Lake Erie and Lake Huron, among many others.

in 1827 he travelled to Quebec to complete surveys of the St Lawrence River.

In 1841 his headquarters were moved to Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island.

Chart of the Hillsborough Bay by Admiral Henry Wolsey Bayfield, 1845

The town of Bayfield, Ontario, the cities of Bayfield, Nova Scotia and Bayfield, Wisconsin are named after him.

He died in Charlottetown in 1885, at the age of 90.



Charlottetown is the capital and largest city of Prince Edward Island. Named after Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, queen consort of the United Kingdom, Charlottetown was incorporated as a city in 1855.

It was famously the site of the Charlottetown Conference in 1864, the first gathering of Canadian and Maritime statesmen to debate the proposed Maritime Union and the more persuasive British North American Union, now known as Canadian Confederation. From this, Charlottetown adopted as its motto “Cunabula Foederis” – “Birthplace of Confederation”.

A Brief History of Charlottetown from the Last Ice Age to the Present:


  1. Nathan McBride

    Bayfield, Ontario has a GREAT little museum run by the local historical society that has more information on Henry Wolsey Bayfield.

  2. 1000T0wns

    Thanks Nathan! Is there any website or Facebook page of Bayfield museum? How to contact with them?


  1. 1000towns.ca: Humans of Small Towns - […] Read and watch more about Charlottetown in the post Henry Wolsey Bayfield | Great Lakes Surveyor […]

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